Wood-Duck Effigy Bowl

 

 

Hello everyone!

 

Teacher Therese here. I hope everyone is having a great day. Today we are learning about the Wood-Duck Effigy bowl.

Introduction:

An effigy is a statue. This particular relic was found near Moundville, Hale County, Alabama (Middle Mississipian). This dates back to A.D. 1250-1500. This particular bowl was made out of stone.

The bowl dates back about 600 years ago and was made by our Native American ancestors. They lived in the Southeastern part of the United States. Archaeologists found this relic.

What are archaeologists?

Archaeologists are scientists who study human history and prehistory. They excavate sites, analyze the artifacts they find and other remains they may find.

 

Put in new image of the short text

Questions:

What do you use bowls for?

What kinds of bowls do you use?

 

Questions About the Bowl in the Image:

How heavy do you think the bowl in the image is?

What could you put into the bowl in the image?

Would it be possible to drink out of this bowl?

Could you use this bowl to pour liquids out of it?

Could you eat with the bowl?

 

Name the Different Parts of the Duck’s Body:

Can you find the duck’s wings?

Can you find the duck’s tail?

 

Does This Look Like a Real Duck:

Does the duck on the bowl look like a real duck?

Why or why not does it look like a real duck?

Which parts of the duck look real and which parts of the duck do not look real?

About Decoration:

How would you decorate something if you could not use color?

Point to and describe the different kinds of lines on the bowl.

 

My Answers

 

Questions:

What do you use bowls for?

I use bowls for eating soup mostly. I also use bowls for mixing baking ingredients.

What kind of bowls do you use?

I use ceramic bowls, glass bowls, and plastic bowls.

 

Questions About the Bowl in the Image:

How heavy do you think the bowl in the image is?

The bowl is probably very heavy since it is made out of stone.

What could you put into the bowl in the image?

You could put some water into the bowl. I am not sure what the bowl is for, but I think this particular bowl may have been used during ceremonies.

Would it be possible to drink out of this bowl?

Yes, it would be possible to drink out of the bowl, but I think it would be pretty difficult since it might be very heavy.

Could you use this bowl to pour liquids out of?

Yes, you could pour liquids out of the bowl, but because it is pretty solid it might be heavy.

Could you eat with the bowl?

Yes you could eat with the bowl, but it would be pretty tough.

 

Name the Different Part of the Duck’s Body:

Can you find the duck’s wings?

The duck’s wings are etched with black charcoal looking lines.

Can you find the duck’s tail?

The duck tail is at the edge of the bowl on the left hand side of the image.

 

Does This Look Like a Real Duck:

Does the duck on the bowl look like a real duck?

I do not think the duck bowl looks like a real duck, but it looks pretty close to a real duck.

Why or why not does it look like a real duck?

It does not look like a real duck because it does not have properly etched wings.

Which parts of the duck look real and which parts of the duck do not look real?

I think the head of the duck looks pretty real, but the rest of the body is not very artistically developed so it does not look real.

About Decoration:

How would you decorate something if you could not use color?

I think you could carve the object and use etching to decorate an object.

Point to and describe the different kinds of lines on the bowl.

The duck has lines that are carved on the duck’s head and the side of the bowl. There are also lines that are black and look like they were drawn on with charcoal.

 

Here is a short video about archaeology. It is a video I have seen before on Great Courses Plus. The video goes over How Do Archaeologists Decide Where to Dig?

About My Takeout from Little India and My Indian Spicebox English Lessons

I ordered Indian food takeout yesterday, afterward, I made a short video. Here it is above. This video was made to go along with my Spicebox Recipes blog posts. I created the Spice Box blog posts to teach my Costa Rican and Nicaraguan students about Indian food.

Here are the links to the blog posts below.

Indian Spice Box 3 How to Make Sauteed Green Beans and Mango Lassi

Indian Spice Box 4 How to Make Palak Paneer

English Class: Indian Spice Box 4 Palak Paneer

1

Palak Paneer

Spinach with Paneer

7 ½ to 8 ounces paneer, either homemade or shop bought, cut into 1 inch cubes

10 ounces baby spinach leaves

3 tablespoons oil, plus extra for shallow frying

1 onion, finely chopped

2 tablespoons tomato puree

¼ teaspoon salt

2 tomatoes, peeled and chopped

1 whole green chili

 

Serves: 4

 

From the Spice Box

Whole Spices

½ teaspoon cumin seeds

 

Ground Spices

¾ teaspoon chili

½ teaspoon ginger

½ teaspoon turmeric

Directions:

Click here to check out my other blog Smorgasbord World. I have posted a video on how to make yummy Palak Paneer.

Click here to view the video I made about my TakeOut Food from Little India. It is posted on my Smorgasbord World blog. I ordered Mango Lassi, Palak Paneer, and Chicken Curry from Little India, which is located in Yuba City.

 

English Class: Indian Spice Box Part 3 Green Beans and Mango Lassi

2

Hello Costa Rica and Nicaragua class,

Here is another English lesson today based off of recipes. The recipes are from the book The Three Sisters Indian Cookbook. It was written by Serena Kaul, Priya Kaul, and Alexa Kaul.

Kaul, Sereena, et al. The Three Sisters Indian Cookbook: Flavours and Spices of India. Simon & Schuster, 2010.

Hari Rajmah

Green Beans

 

What you need:

3 tablespoons of oil

1 onion, finely sliced

¾ inch piece of ginger grated

3 garlic cloves, crushed

½ teaspoon of salt or to taste

14 ounces of green beans trimmed and cut in half

2 tomatoes peeled and chopped

1 tablespoon of flaked coconut (optional)

 

Serves: 4

 

From Your Spice Box:

Whole Spices

½ teaspoon of cumin seeds

½ teaspoon of mustard seeds

 

Ground Spices:

¾ teaspoon of chili

1 teaspoon of ginger

1 teaspoon of turmeric

 

Instructions:

Heat the oil in a shallow pan over a medium heat and add the whole spices. When the seeds begin to sizzle, add the onion, ginger, and garlic.

Fry for 5 minutes or until the onion is soft and translucent.

Remove from the heat momentarily before adding the ground spices and salt; mix well for 1 minute.

Add 7 fluid ounces of water and green beans. Cover and cook over a low heat. Stir occasionally for 10 minutes until soft and tender.

Add the tomatoes and simmer for 10-15 minutes, stirring frequently, to thicken and reduce the sauce until it is fairly dry.

Sprinkle with coconut (if using.)

Questions:

  1. What 5 spices do you need?
  2. In the second to last step, what do you do with the sauce?

Define reducing sauce.

Here are more green beans recipes. I have a deep-fried green bean recipe, a baked green bean recipe, and a sauteed green bean recipe. I absolutely love green beans.

Deep Fried Green Beans

 

Aam Ki Lassi

Mango Yogurt Shake

What you need:

2 large ripe mangoes, peeled and stoned

Pinch of salt

¾ pint chilled milk

1 ¼ pints natural yogurt

5 teaspoons caster yogurt

Ice cubes or crushed ice

 

From Your Spice Box:

Whole Spices:

1 cardamom pod, finely crushed

Instructions:

Puree the mango in a food processor or blender and pour into a mesh sieve with the salt.

Using the back of a wooden spoon, push the puree through and collect the thick juice. Discard the fibers that collect in the sieve.

Combine the juice with the whole spice and remaining ingredients except the ice, using a whisk or a food processor or blender until smooth.

Pour into tall glasses leaving space for some crushed ice or cubes. Cover and chill in the fridge for 15 minutes. Before serving, stir well and add the crushed ice or cubes.

Questions:

  1. What must you do to the mango?
  2. What must you pour the mango into with the salt?

Define puree.

Define sieve.

Check out this awesome how to make mango lassi video I found online. It is made by Solenn Heussaff.

English Class: The Indian Spice Box Part 2 More Okra Recipes

Bhindi Masala

Spicy Okra

 

What you need:

11 ½ ounces okra

2 tablespoons oil

1 onion, roughly chopped

¾ inch piece of ginger chopped

2 garlic cloves crushed

½ teaspoon salt (or to taste)

8 cherry tomatoes, sliced

1 tablespoon butter

 

Serves: 4

 

From Your Spice Box:

Whole Spices

½ teaspoon mustard seeds

½ teaspoon cumin seeds

 

Ground Spices

½ teaspoon chili

½ teaspoon coriander

¼ teaspoon turmeric

¼ teaspoon garam masala

 

Wash the okra and dry between sheets of kitchen papers to remove the excess moisture. Top and tail them before cutting into ¾ inch pieces.

Heat the oil in a shallow pan over a medium heat and add the whole spices. When the seeds begin to sizzle, add the onion, ginger, and garlic and fry for 1 minute.

Tip in the okra, salt and ground spices, except the garam masala. Stir to coat the okra with spice mixture for 5 minutes.

Add the cherry tomatoes and continue to cook the okra for a further 10-15 minutes over a low heat, stirring occasionally. Stir in the butter. Mix in the garam masala before serving.

 

Questions:

  1. What 6 spices do you need?
  2. After the seeds sizzle what do you add?

Essay Question:

Define sizzle and use it in a sentence.

Notes:

According to the online dictionary:

sizzle– verb

– (of food) make a hissing sound when frying or cooking. Example: “The pork began to sizzle in the pan after it had been cooking for a few minutes.”

Synonyms: crackle, frizzle, sputter, hiss, spit, fry

sizzle– noun

-A hissing sound, as of food or cooking. Example: “The sizzle of bacon woke me up in the morning.”

Aloo Bhindi

Potatoes with Okra

 

What you need:

14 ounces okra

3 potatoes cubed

2 teaspoons lemon juice

1 tablespoon finely chopped fresh coriander

salt

 

Serves: 4

 

From Your Spice Box:

Whole Spices

½ teaspoon cumin seeds

 

Ground Spices

½ teaspoon chili

½ teaspoon ginger

¼ teaspoon cumin

½ teaspoon coriander

 

Wash the okra and dry between sheets of kitchen paper to remove any excess moisture. Top and tail them before cutting each okra into 4-5 pieces.

Heat the oil in a shallow pan or frying pan over a medium heat. When hot add the whole spice and when the seeds start to sizzle add the potatoes.

Fry the potatoes for 2 minutes then add the okra. Stir, cover, and cook, stirring occasionally for 15 minutes or until the potatoes are just soft.

Mix in the ground spices and a pinch of salt and cook for a further 5 minutes. Add the lemon juice and fresh coriander and partially cover if not serving straight away.

Questions:

  1. What 5 spices do you need?
  2. When do you add the lemon juice and fresh coriander?

 

 

English Class: The Indian Spice Box

Part I

Chili– Chilies vary in color, shape, heat levels and pungency from variety to variety. They are a rich source of vitamin C. Whole chilies are dried and then crushed to give ground chili.

Coriander– All parts of the coriander plant are used in Indian cooking; the seeds are ground and used to thicken and flavor dishes and the fresh green leaves are used in garnishes.

Cumin seeds– Cumin seeds are strongly aromatic and the aroma varies according to whether the spice is fried or dry roasted. It stimulates, the appetite and acts as a digestive.

Ground cumin– Ground cumin gives a slightly bitter and sweet taste at the same time. It is used as a seasoning for lime or chili based sauces.

Fennel– This is a sweet and aromatic spice with an aniseed type flavor. Fennel seeds contain important antioxidants, with anti-cancerous properties.

Ginger– Fresh or dry ginger is aromatic, pungent and hot. It can be used in sweet and savory dishes. It is known to help digestion and calm mental activity.

Turmeric– The root of this plant looks very similar to ginger but the flesh is a deep orange color. When dried and ground, turmeric gives a beautiful yellow color to any food cooked with it.

Cinnamon– Cinnamon sticks are carved from the bark of the cinnamon tree. Cinnamon has a sweet taste and a fragrant aroma.

Bay leaf– The Indian bay leaf is aromatic and bitter in flavor. These leaves are used whole to flavor mainly meat dishes.

Cardamom– Cardamom has a sweet, spicy, and pungent flavor. The green variety is used in both savory and sweet dishes.

Cloves– Cloves are strongly pungent and sweet. Very small quantities are required to flavor dishes. Clove oil is used topically as it has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Mustard seed– In Indian cooking, the whole seeds are fried quickly in oil to give a hot and spicy flavor once the seeds have popped.

Garam masala– A blend of several strongly aromatic spices designed to add flavor, fragrance, and heat to many Indian dishes.

Kaul, Sereena, et al. The Three Sisters Indian Cookbook: Flavours and Spices of India. Simon & Schuster, 2010.

Questions:

  1. Which spice is a rich source of Vitamin C?
  2. Which spice acts as a digestive?
  3. Which spice has anti-cancerous properties?
  4. Which spice helps digestion and calm mental activity?
  5. Which spice has a sweet taste?
  6. Which spice has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties?

I wanted to share with you all a recipe from the book. I chose a recipe called Crispy Okra. I have yet to make it, but I wanted to share it because one of my favorite dishes is boiled okra dipped in soy sauce and vinegar.

Here is a recipe I got from the book:

Bhindi Churma

Crispy Okra Chips

 

What you need:

7 ounces of okra

2 tablespoons of lemon juice

1 tablespoon of white rice flour

3 tablespoons gram flour

salt

oil for deep frying

 

Serves: 4 people

 

From your spice box:

Ground Spices

½ teaspoon ginger

½ teaspoon chili

1 teaspoon coriander

 

Instructions:

Wash the okra and dry each piece well using a clean kitchen tea towel.

Top, but don’t tail the okras and slice each one lengthways.

In a large bowl mix the ground spices, salt, and lemon juice with the okra.

Use your hands to mix but make sure you wash your hands thoroughly after mixing.

In a separate bowl mix the rice flour and gram flour with 4 tablespoons of water to a smooth paste and pour over the okra, mixing well to coat but taking care not to break the okra.

Heat the oil in a khadi or wok over a medium heat. When the oil is hot. Fry the okra in batches for a few minutes until golden brown. Remove with a slotted spoon and drain on sheets of kitchen paper.

Serve with Coriander Chutney.

Check out this photo I found online of Crispy Okra.

Here is a video I found on Youtube about how to make Crispy Okra. I have yet to try this myself, but I wanted to share it with you all. The recipe is slightly different, but it looks delicious too.

Questions:

  1. What 3 spices do you need?
  2. What do you mix in a large bowl?

Here is the recipe to the coriander chutney. It goes with the Crispy Okra.

Dhania Chutney

Coriander Chutney

What you need:

2 teaspoons olive oil

2.5 ounces of fresh coriander

Plus extra to garnish

1 green chili, deseeded and cut in half

¼ teaspoon of salt or to taste

3 tablespoons of Greek yogurt

 

From Your Spice Box:

whole Spices

½ teaspoon mustard seeds

 

Instructions:

Heat the oil in a small frying pan over a medium to high heat and add the whole spice. When the seeds begin to sizzle, remove from the heat and set aside.

Put the coriander, green chili, salt and 1 tablespoon of yogurt in a food processor or blender and blitz to a smooth paste.

Add the oil-spice mixture and the remaining yogurt to the paste and blend for a further 3 seconds.

Garnish with coriander leaves and serve chilled with starters or as an accompaniment to a main meal.

Questions:

  1. What kind of yogurt do you need?
  2. What do you garnish with?

Essay Questions:

Write about the difference between normal snack yogurt versus Greek yogurt.

Define garnish and use it in a sentence.

I hope you all enjoyed these recipes. I am hoping to try these recipes soon. Let me know if there are any recipes you are interested in learning about.

Notes:

Regular yogurt is thicker and creamier because the whey is strained off of it. Greek yogurt becomes dense because the liquid is drained off of it. Greek yogurt provides more protein than the regular yogurt. Greek yogurt also contains less sugar and carbs than the regular yogurt. Regular yogurt also has less fat than Greek yogurt.

According to an online source: “While Greek yogurt boasts more protein and less sugar and carbs than regular yogurt, it also has a higher fat content. An eight-ounce serving of Danon’s regular full-fat yogurt has five grams of saturated fat, whereas a seven-ounce serving of Fage full-fat Greek yogurt has over three times that amount (16 grams of saturated fat). It can be a good idea to go for low-fat or fat-free versions when buying Greek yogurt.”

Part II

 

 

 

English Class: About the Corona Virus Pandemic

Hello Costa Rica and Nicaragua Class,

How are you all? I just wanted to give you all an update about the Corona Virus Pandemic.

We are still on lockdown here in Red Bluff, CA. I think it might be ending soon because supposedly some states like Georgia are opening back up. Here in Red Bluff, most places are still closed.

Here is the latest on the news.

CDC.PNG

https://www.cnn.com/us/live-news/us-coronavirus-update-04-21-20/h_633833238aa0cf21765091d9398013ec

According to CNN:

The director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned a second wave of the coronavirus this year could be worse because it will coincide with flu season.

“There’s a possibility that the assault of the virus on our nation next winter will actually be even more difficult than the one we just went through,” CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield said in an interview with The Washington Post.
“And when I’ve said this to others, they kind of put their head back, they don’t understand what I mean.” (- A quote by Dr. Robert Redfield.)

Here are some Corona Virus vocabulary I found online:

Note: Affects is spelled incorrectly. It should spell a-f-f-e-c-t-s, not a-f-e-c-t-s.

Affect is a verb. It means to have an effect on or make a difference to.

VocabCoronaVirus.jpg

 

English Class: About Making Hot and Sour Soup

Hello Costa Rica and Nicaragua Class,

Today, I am going to make hot and sour soup so I went to the grocery store to buy ingredients. I went to FoodMaxx to get the hot and sour packet for the flavoring. I also got a can of bamboo shoots there. Then I went to Raley’s to get tofu. Afterward I went to Walmart to get a pack of carrots.

Here are some cooking verbs for today.

cookingverbs

Cooking Verbs and Example Sentences

Cut

Example: Cut the carrots.

Grate

Example: Grate the ginger.

Peel

Example: Peel the cucumber.

Chop

Example: Chop the celery.

Boil

Example: Boil the water.

Fry

Example: Fry the egg.

Slice

Example: Slice the apple.

Stir

Example: Stir in the sauce.

Bake

Example: Bake the pie.

Cook

Example: Cook the macaroni.

Pour

Example: Pour the batter.

Whisk

Example: Whisk the egg and flour with some milk.

The Ingredients for My Hot and Sour Soup:

1 hot and sour soup packet

tofu

carrots thinly sliced

bamboo shoots thinly slice

2 eggs

ingredientsprepartion.jpg

Here are the ingredients chopped up and ready to be cooked.

How to Make a Vegetarian Hot and Sour Soup:

  1. Boil the hot and sour soup packet’s contents in water.
  2. Add thinly sliced carrots and bamboo shoots.
  3. Add one egg.
  4. Serve.

Note: You can also add pork. I don’t have pork today to add to the soup, but in the future I will be buying 2 Bud’s BBQ country pork and putting in bits of those. Country pork is my favorite.

Here is how my hot and sour soup turned out:

Activity:

Use any of the cooking verbs you learned today to make five sentences.

You can email me your replies at mtlawlordesign33@gmail.com

Owl and Verbs Lesson

10-Fun-English-Learning-Games-And-Activities-For-kindergarten

Hello Costa Rica and Nicaragua Class,

For today’s class on WhatsApp, I used this photo for our verbs lesson.

This is a photo of an owl carrying out verbs.

Verbs:

lean

sit

hit

crawl

climb

carry

fly

swim

punch

kick

Owl Lesson:

What is an owl in Spanish?

Owl is buho in Spanish.

Búho es el nombre común de aves de la familia Strigidae, del orden de los estrigiformes o aves rapaces nocturnas. Habitualmente designa especies que, a diferencia de las lechuzas, tienen plumas alzadas que parecen orejas (sus verdaderas orejas se encuentran al costado de la cabeza, a los laterales de los ojos) y presentan una coloración amarilla o naranja en el iris. Debido a que sus ojos carecen de movilidad y solo pueden ver hacia delante, pueden girar la cabeza 270°.

Sentences using the owl photo:

The owl is sitting.

The owl hit the ball.

The owl wants to climb the mountain.

The owl is carrying wood.

The owl wants to fly.

The owl is swimming.

The owl wants to punch.

The owl wants to kick the ball.

The translation in Spanish:

El búho está sentado.

La lechuza golpeó la pelota.

El búho quiere escalar la montaña.

El búho lleva madera.

El búho quiere volar.

El búho está nadando.

El búho quiere golpear.

El búho quiere patear la pelota.

Activity:

Use any of the verbs written above in a sentence.

For example:

The owl is climbing the side of a mountain.

The owl is swimming in San Jorge

Email me our response at mtlawlordesign33@gmail.com.